Comparative and Superlative

Posted on
  • by
  • in
  • ป้ายกำกับ:
  • Comparisons of equality use the expression even + adjective + als and it translates to "as + adjective + as." In addition, you can use net zo + adjective + als to mean "as + adjective + as," but it is more emphatic.

    dit hotel is even duur als de andere - this hotel is as expensive as the others

    But note: zo veel mogelijk - as soon as possible / zo vlug mogelijk - as fast as possible

    When comparing two things, the comparative form of the adjective is used. It is formed in Dutch by adding -er to the adjective (or -der if the adjective ends in -r). This is used for all adjectives; there is no "more + adjective" construction as there is for some adjectives in English. Comparative adjectives add the -e ending for the inflection according to the requirements above; however, adjectives with three or more syllables do not. When using comparative adjectives, dan translates as "than."

    leuk - nice
    leuker - nicer
    vriendelijk - friendly
    vriendelijker - friendlier

    When expressing the highest degree of a quality or characteristic, the superlative form of the adjective is used. Most adjectives add -st (or just -t if the adjective already ends in -s). Since the -st ending does not add a syllable to the adjective, the spelling rules do not apply. All superlatives are inflected like regular adjectives. However, if the superlative adjective is a predicate adjective (follows "to be" and does not precede a noun), then het precedes it and the -e is optional. With the superlative, van translates as "in" or "of." In contrast to English, Dutch does use the superlative to compare two or more things.

    leuk - nice
    leukst -
    het grootste huis
    - the biggest house
    de duurste kleren - the most expensive clothes
    Hij is de oudste van de twee. He is the older (literally: oldest) of the two.

    For ease of pronunciation, adjectives ending in -st and -sch do not add -st to form the superlative, but use meest (most) before.

    meest juist - most just
    meest logisch - most logical

    Don't forget the spelling changes when dealing with long and short vowels:

    groot, groter, grootst - big, bigger, biggest
    laat, later, laatst - late, later, latest

    Some of the most common adjectives have irregular forms:
    adjective good goed bad erg much veel little weinig
    comparative better beter worse erger more meer less minder
    superlative best best worst ergst most meest least minst

    0 ความคิดเห็น: